Arthritis Surgery Hip Replacement
Procedures for Joint Replacement Surgery (Hip) -
There are currently many options in orthopedic (bone)
surgery for people with Arthritis. Joint replacement is the
most common option. According to the National Joint Replacement
Foundation, (NJRF) over 435,000 Americans underwent this
procedure last year. These numbers have boosted joint
replacement to one of the most successful medical discoveries
and the absolute most significant surgery in the field of
Joint replacement is the process of removing one’s entire
joint as well as any damaged tissue and replacing it with a
metal prosthesis. This prosthesis provides the patient with
much need relief from pain. This surgery most effective on the
weight bearing joints such as the knees, hips, and ankles,
however, it has been used for all joints with successful
Hip replacement surgery consists of
removing the entire hip joint and replacing it with artificial
components. These components function in the same manner as the
natural hip, with the same type of motion. When a patient
elects to undergo hip replacement surgery, they have an option
to use their own blood. There is a great loss of blood during
the procedure, and patients are prepared for this ahead of
time. They can elect to have their own blood taken and stored
ahead of time so that when they need a transfusion, they can
use blood from their own body, eliminating many of the risks
associated with transfusions.
This particular procedure begins with an initial incision.
The surgeon will then proceed to remove the entire hip joint,
including the ball, socket, and top of the femur. Once the
joint, and all damaged tissue is removed, a metal cup is
adhered to the pelvic bone. Then, a metal stem is inserted into
the femur; leaving a portion exposed at the end for several
inches. The doctors place a ball on the end of the exposed
portion of the metal rod, and all of the exposed parts are
lined with another antifriction material. The hip is
reassembled, placing the ball joint into the socket and the
incision is then closed.
Fusion Arthrodesis, or bone fusion, is another optional
procedure where the bones are fused together in order to
prevent them from moving independently. This can be done two
1. Bone Grafting is the method of stimulating fusion between
two bones by placing a small piece of bone, from another region
of the body, in between. This small piece of bone encourages
growth for the surrounding bones, thus fusing them in
2. Implantation of a metal or ceramic piece, which is
adhered to each of the two bones, using either screws or a
special glue, thus preventing movement of the bones. Fusion is
a common procedure and is used in conjunction with joint
replacement surgery, which is more extreme of a procedure then
bone fusion alone.
During a procedure called Ostheo, doctors can evaluate the
injured tissue and eliminate any loose material with the use of
instruments that are inserted into the joint through little
incisions in the skin. During the procedure, the surgeon can
observe any damage to the joint on a closed-circuit television,
and further remove any loose growths that could be the origin
of pain. This sort of surgery can often be executed on an
outpatient basis, and typically involves a shorter recovery
stage than open/inpatient surgery.
Rehabilitation times for joint replacement surgery vary from
one person to the next. However, the average person has been
shown to regain most functions within three weeks. A positive
attitude can help to facilitate recovery.
It is important for patients to participate in this by
reassuring themselves as well as seeking support from support
groups, family, and friends.
Regardless of the type of surgery recommended, most people
recommend getting at least one other opinion before proceeding.
In addition, check out books, conduct your own online research,
ask questions through health chat rooms, call your own local
providers and learn all you can about your health condition.
And if you do decide upon surgery, look and plan ahead, too.
Will you need time off work? Someone to help around the house?
Someone to run errands? Line up help with neighbors, friends,
church members, family, co-workers and local services to pick
up groceries, bring in the mail, clean house and basically keep
things running in the interim. In short, take charge and reach