Although medications are the first defense against Arthritis
pain and swelling, if they fail to solve the problem, many
doctors will suggest a surgical measure. Whenever someone is
considering a surgical procedure, he or she should consult a
physician for expressing concerns and gathering
During this time, you should discuss all of the any
potential risks involved with the procedure as well as all of
the alternative measures. However, if a
decision is made to continue with the surgery, the doctor will
recommend a procedure that he feels is best suited for the
patient’s condition and then will explain what that procedure
entails. Note that sometimes before surgery, doctors prescribe
blood-thinning medication and advise you to do various joint
movement activities or exercises in order to increase
Some benefits of going the
surgery route can include the stabilization, improved alignment
or replacement of a joint so that you can have greater
mobility, flexibility, overall use and range-of-motion. Surgery
may also be able to provide some level of Arthritis pain relief
where other treatment options might have failed.
Be aware there are possible risks with surgery, though, like
blood clots resulting. And your healthcare specialist may
advise against surgery if, for example, you have existing
health problems that could pose possible unwanted risks. Some
of these problems could include sickness or infections that
would need to be healed first, being over weight, which could
cause more stress and delayed recovery, lung problems or heart
Common types of surgery used in the treatment of Arthritis
This is the joining together or fusion of joint bones.
Arthrodesis helps stop the progression of the disease at the
point of fusion, ending the pain. Loss of the joint’s
flexibility can result. However, the area will be better able
to handle weight and offer general movement. In other words,
the joint may not be 360-degree-flexible any longer, but there
will be some lesser-degree of flexibility overall without
This is the replacement or rebuilding of an entire joint.
And it is intended for those with high-level pain and movement
impairment. It is discussed in much more detail in the section
immediately following this one, offering a focus with regards
to hip replacement.
Growing more popular with the improved use of technology,
this procedure is when specialized instruments are inserted
into the joint by means of tiny incisions. During this surgery,
the operating physician has helping staff members who aid the
computerized monitoring and some handling of the instruments.
The doctor can see the joint on closed-circuit television and
make repairs to it, while talking through a microphone. Then
not only are there physical results, but the patient has a
video with audio record of the entire occurrence for insurance
and other records. Arthroscopy is often performed on an
outpatient basis. And recovery time is generally much less than
with other “open” surgery.
This is a medical procedure that makes an actual cut in the
bone, most generally to correct youth deformities like in the
knee or hip. Osteotomy helps with re-alignment, stabilization,
pain relief and the delaying of joint replacement alternatives
for up to 10 years.
This procedure, generally done via arthroscopy, involves the
removal of diseased joint tissue lining or synovium. Results
can include swelling decrease, pain relief, improved but not
completely healed joint health.